Categories: types of headaches

Types of Headaches and Locations

Types of Headaches and Locations

Neck Related Headache

Contrary to popular belief, headaches are not always caused by the brain or other structures in the head. An important part of headaches can be caused by calcification and wear in the neck vertebrae, spasm in the neck muscles, myofascial pain affecting the neck area, and some wear caused by accidents.

Various disorders of the structures such as nerve roots, bones, muscles, joints and discs in the neck or the back of the head cause headaches.

Headache (Cluster Headache)

It is a very severe and one-sided pain. Pain behind the eyeball and throbbing. It is more common in men. These pains start suddenly, there is no precursor sign. Aching There may be swelling, redness, twitching on the side. It takes approximately 30-45 minutes. However, it may take longer. Even small amounts of alcohol can present pain.


Tension Headache

There is constant pain that is not intrusive. It is initially on the nape of the neck, then spreads over the entire head as if clamping it with a vise. May go on for days, even more pain in the evening increases. Stress, family and work problems raise or increase pain. There is stiffness in the neck muscles.



Try keeping a diary to find out what triggers your headaches. Avoiding these trigger factors can reduce your headaches. Also, deep breathing and Regular exercise also reduces your stress level and reduces your risk of headaches. Headaches can be a sign of depression. If you have cluster headaches, during pain Do not drink alcohol, alcohol can make the pain worse. However, alcohol attacks do not seem to be a triggering factor.

Muscle Strain or Tension Headache

It is characterized by a band-like discomfort around the head. These types of headaches usually occur during the day and can be linked to emotional stress. Posterior The cervical and occipical muscles are usually sensitive and can be in spasm. It can be difficult to distinguish between this type of headache and simple migraine.


Definition of Migraine Attack

Migraine attack, the prodrome phase that occurs hours or days before the headache, the aura phase that occurs just before the headache, the headache phase and the headache.

It can be divided into four parts as the recovery phase of the pain. There is no compulsory stage for the diagnosis of migraine.


1)Pioneering Phenomena (Prodrome) Phase:

Leading phenomena occur within hours or days before a headache. Patients often feel suddenly in their mood or behavior.

They complain of typical changes showing psychological, neurological, autonomic or constitutional characteristics. Some patients may feel the headache coming on, but They cannot define it as.

2) Aura Phase:

Migraine aura is a mixture of focal neurological symptoms that occur before, with or rarely after an attack. These symptoms are usually between 5 and It develops within 20 minutes and usually takes less than 60 minutes. Although the headache often occurs within 60 minutes after the end of the aura, in some cases it the clock may be delayed or not appear at all. Most patients do not feel normal in the period between aura and headache. Fear, bodily complaints, mood changes, speech and thought disorders, or a feeling of isolation from the environment. Auras can occur consecutively and their frequency is several

It can vary from once an hour to several times in an hour. These are called migraine aura status. Visual disturbances that occur include vision blind spots, simple flashes of light, dots or geometric shapes. These can also move across the field of vision as well as

There may also be vibrations or fluctuations in the field of vision. Non-visual disturbances include impairments in perception and use of body parts, speech and language disorders, complex dreams or nightmares, trance or delirium. Get numbness in numbness, which is the second most common form of aura it starts, spreads to the arm, and then moves to the face, affecting the lips and tongue; It rarely affects the legs.

3) Headache Stage:

Typical headache in migraine is unilateral, throbbing, moderate to severe and exacerbated by physical activity. Pain may be bilateral from the beginning or unilateral It can spread to the other side after it starts. Although pain can occur anytime during the day or night, it most often starts between 05:00 in the morning and 12:00 in the noon.

It reaches the maximum intensity within 2 – 12 hours after the onset and turns into an attack, after which it slowly decreases.

It may vary between 4 – 72 hours in adults and 1 – 48 hours in children. Migraine pain is always with other features
found together. Although anorexia is common, there may be cravings for certain foods (eg chocolate). Nearly all patients (such as 90%) experience nausea, whereas 1/3 of them vomiting occurs. Again, in most patients, significant sensitization occurs in the senses such as photophobia (fear of light), phonophobia (sensitivity to sound), osmophobia (discomfort from smells), the patient seeks a dark and quiet room.


4) Recovery Phase:

Pain gradually decreases and disappears. The patient may feel tired, restless and indifferent, decreased concentration, sensitivity in the scalp, changes in mood and condition. However, some patients may feel extremely well and refreshed; others may feel depressed and sick.



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